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  1. From the Archives: Mario Cuomo and Those Mob Rumors
  2. Frank Sinatra’s Mob Ties and Other Secrets from His FBI File - HISTORY
  3. Part two: The shooter
  4. Mob NJ: The Mafia is still here, tied to Port Newark and the suburbs

The killing of Gambino family boss Frank Cali brought back memories of mobsters getting whacked in brazen hits that stunned the nation decades ago. Cali was found gunned down Wednesday night outside his home in New York, leading to initial speculation on whether the killing was related to a Mafia feud. The last time a Mafia boss was assassinated in the city was 34 years ago, when former Gambino don Paul Castellano was shot dead as he arrived at a popular steakhouse in midtown Manhattan, a hit ordered by the so-called "Dapper Don" himself, John J.

From the Archives: Mario Cuomo and Those Mob Rumors

Hoping this isn't the opening salvo, ushering in a new era of mob violence. Mafia groups have reinvented themselves. Executing Mafia dons may not be as common today, but organized crime is still big business.

Just ask drug kingpin Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman or those in the Mexican and Colombian drug cartels, which have largely overtaken the spotlight from the American Mafia. Even without the spotlight, American mobsters have evolved with the times and remain influential in their own cities and regions, experts say. In the post-Godfather era, Mafia groups have broken down their traditional structures and reinvented themselves to survive in the new world of transnational organized crime, said David Shapiro, a professor at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice at the City University of New York.

Their new structure means the walls among the five families are less rigid and they have more interactions with other groups, he said.

Frank Sinatra’s Mob Ties and Other Secrets from His FBI File - HISTORY

Under traditional Mafia structures, the boss or the don is the leader and the underboss is the second in command -- usually, a son groomed to take over the family business. The No. An associate is part of the crew, but performs crimes under the protection of members and gives his share of illegal proceeds to a supervisor. The cartels' global dominance has changed the way Mafia groups operate, experts say.

The days of colluding with labor unions to skim money from contracts are all but gone, Shapiro said. But mobsters in New York and other American cities still rely on some of the same racketeering scams they always have: selling drugs, and trafficking firearms, humans and counterfeit goods. They also dabble in credit card scams, money laundering, internet fraud and other racketeering scams made easier in the digital age, he said.

In that sense, not much has changed. Organized crime is often described as a business like any other, just illegal. It has long existed in various formats, from localized rackets to global enterprises, operated by groups that interact with each other when it's in their best interest and compete with each other when it's not, said Dennis Kenney, professor of criminal justice at John Jay.

What's different now, he added, is the playing field is bigger and more crowded, meaning more opportunities to reap illicit profits. America's changing demographics are bringing new organized crime groups into major cities, Schumacher said.

Turf battles are not just Gambino against the Genovese anymore. But organized crime does not have the same checks and balances as legitimate businesses, making violence the only way of resolving disputes.

Part two: The shooter

Gangsters in a patrol wagon hiding their faces from the camera as they head to the office of the special prosecutor during the mids. The Mafia sometimes works with drug kingpins. American mob groups may be involved in other businesses, but they still sell drugs. Just not on the same global scale as the cartels, Kenney said. Less so groups in New York, they're fighting over localized version of same thing," Kenney said. But they can collaborate with those groups to become part of the distribution network. But Schumacher cautioned against drawing distinctions between how the mob and cartels operate since their motivations are essentially the same.

Movies such as "The Godfather" trilogy glamorized American mobsters and led to a fixation on New York's five families. Beyond Hollywood, New York crime families received the most attention because of the large media presence in the city, Kenney said. This contributed to an exaggerated impression of the power and reach of New York's five families, obscuring the influence of other mob groups in Chicago, Kansas City and Detroit, among other cities, he said.

In reality, a national syndicate linked organized crime groups in almost every major city, Schumacher said.

Highest Paid Mafia Boss Tells the TRUTH About the Life

During the years-long affair that followed, Exner allegedly acted as a liaison between Kennedy and Giancana, helping in a plot for the Mob to assassinate Fidel Castro. Those were his friends. Credit: The Federal Bureau of Investigation. Sinatra flaunted his friendships with people connected to organized crime, and took plenty of public photographs with known mobsters.

His gangster friends shared his passions—gambling, women, money—and they often met in casinos and nightclubs. The FBI declined.

Mob NJ: The Mafia is still here, tied to Port Newark and the suburbs

Sinatra was never prosecuted for criminal behavior in connection to his many Mob ties. He was never brought before the House Un-American Activities Commission, either—but the FBI had him in its sights for what they considered to be suspicious activity with possible ties to Communism. In addition to appearing on behalf of many liberal causes, Sinatra was one of the founding members of the Committee for the First Amendment , a group that supported the so-called Hollywood Ten, screenwriters and directors who were blacklisted after refusing to divulge whether they were members of the Communist Party.

The FBI told Sinatra to wait for a ransom demand, then pay it so that the bureau could track down the money and the kidnappers. Frank Sinatra, Jr.